In order to understand the dialectics of education in Somalia, particularly at the levels of primary and secondary studies, it behooves us to shed some light on the background: the traditional Qur’anic school where the task of conventional learning starts. The reason for this is, before formal school learning, the Somali child undergoes a traditional pedagogical system in which s/he starts learning Islam’s Holy Scripture in a Qur’anic school as young as from age four. Here, s/he learns how to read and write the Arabic alphabet, which is the basis for Qur’anic as well as Arabic-language studies. In due course, the learners are expected to master the reading of the Qur’an, usually based on rote memorization, to “commit the Quran – as much of it as possible – to memory.
Author : Ifrah Salad Ali
Keywords : Education, Sustainable development goals, Somalia