While the crisis in Syria has left no one untouched, it continues to impact population groups differently, within the total 13.1 million people in need (i.e., individual vulnerabilities related to age, gender, disability, and socioeconomic situation). Out of these, 5.6 million people are in acute need due to a convergence of vulnerabilities resulting from displacement, including six population groups with high exposure to risk factors, such as besiegement, fighting, displacement and limited access to basic goods and services.
Some 2.89 million people live in hard-to-reach areas, including 419,000 people in areas classified by the UN as besieged. This entails a reduction in the number of people living in areas that are hard to reach by 1.9 million people over the past year. Despite access to many areas in north-eastern Syria has increased, the needs of people in areas classified as besieged or hard to reach remain exceptionally severe due to arbitrary restrictions on the freedom of movement of civilians; basic goods or services or humanitarian assistance; physical insecurity; and continuing challenges to the provision of humanitarian assistance. At the same time, hostilities continued to fuel large-scale displacement in Syria, at an average of 6,550 displaced persons per day. These newly displaced people, as well as about 750,000 people living in their last resort, face particularly acute needs because of the accumulation of humanitarian risk factors, and similar levels of exposure to protection risks and challenges to accessing to basic services face heavily burdened and returnee communities living in areas where the intensity of the conflict has increased, and millions of people have been affected throughout Syria.
Extensive population movements; extensive destruction and contamination of infrastructure related to value chain agriculture, such as markets and bakeries; depletion of productive assets, savings and debt increase; and limited economic opportunities, created social and economic hardship and disruption of livelihoods. This has contributed to high levels of poverty throughout Syria, where it is estimated that 69% of the population is suffering from extreme poverty. Families resort to negative coping mechanisms that disproportionately affect the most vulnerable groups, especially children, young and teenagers. These include reduced food consumption, savings spending, and debt accumulation. These adjustment mechanisms are negative and unsustainable and as soon as they are exhausted, people will resort to increasingly exploitative and dangerous activities, such as child recruitment, early marriage and joining armed groups. Increased efforts are therefore necessary to support the capacity of families and communities to withstand current and future shocks. The village of Atmaa, located in Dana sub-district (Harim district) near the Syrian-Turkish border, has more than 150 camps occupied by around 200,000 people, who represent 10% of the current residents of the village. There are approximately six informal schools in the camps area. Unfortunately, the regime has destroyed the nearest vocational school in the area, which has been turned into a temporary shelter for displaced people. This led to an increase in the neglect of vocational education, which is now highly desirable due to the massive population density in the northern Syrian region due to displacement and lack of suitable competencies that meet the needs and demands of the people, as Dana sub-district is considered as the economic portal and the only economic artery to the province of Idleb.
Author : Burhan Bayazid
Keywords : Syria, Vocational training, Sustainable development